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<div style="font-size:165%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Welcome! ✫ Bienvenue! ✫ Willkommen! ✫ Добро Пожаловать!</div><div style="font-size:165%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Bienvenida! ✫ Benvenuto! ✫ 歡迎 ! ✫ Vítejte! ✫ Καλώς ήρθατε!</div><div style="font-size:165%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Üdvözöljük! ✫ Добре Дошли! ✫ Welkom! ✫ Ласкаво Просимо!</div><div style="font-size:165%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Velkommen! ✫ Tervetuloa! ✫ Дабро Запрашаем! ✫ Välkommen!</div><br/>
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<div style="font-size:175%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Welcome! ✫ Bienvenue! ✫ Willkommen! ✫ Добро Пожаловать!</div><div style="font-size:175%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Bienvenida! ✫ Benvenuto! ✫ 歡迎 ! ✫ Vítejte! ✫ Καλώς ήρθατε!</div><div style="font-size:175%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Üdvözöljük! ✫ Добре Дошли! ✫ Welkom! ✫ Ласкаво Просимо!</div><div style="font-size:165%; border:none; margin:0; padding:.1em; color:#996666;">Velkommen! ✫ Tervetuloa! ✫ Дабро Запрашаем! ✫ Välkommen!</div><br/>
<div style="top:+0.2em; font-size:90%;"> ''Circopedia was originally created with the support of the  Big Apple Circus Ltd. and inspired and funded by the [http://www.sdrubin.org/ Shelley & Donald Rubin Foundation]''.</div><br/>
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<div style="top:+0.2em; font-size:98%;"> ''Circopedia was originally created with the support of the  Big Apple Circus Ltd. and inspired and funded by the [http://www.sdrubin.org/ Shelley & Donald Rubin Foundation]''.</div><br/>
 
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==In The Spotlight==
 
==In The Spotlight==
[[File:Schumann_Poster_Horses.jpg|right|300px]]
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[[File:Bragazzis_-_3_sailors.jpg|right|300px]]
===THE SCHUMANN DYNASTY===
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===THE THREE BRAGAZZI===
Founded by the German equestrian Gotthold Schumann (1824-1908), the Schumann Dynasty holds a prominent place in Scandinavian circus history and ran one of Europe’s most respected circus companies until the closure of the Danish Cirkus Bröderna Schumann in 1969. They also have an important place in German circus history, especially through Gotthold’s son Albert Schumann, Sr. (1858-1939), who created his own circus and settled in (and then purchased) Ernst Renz’s flagship circus in Berlin in 1899&mdash;which remained active under Schumann’s ownership until the end of World War I.
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As circus equestrians, the Schumanns displayed a superlative talent and artistry; for five generations, they have maintained a commanding position in the circus world as horse trainers and high-school riders. Albert Schumann, Sr. is widely acknowledged as having been his generation’s greatest liberty horse trainer, and his Scandinavian nephews Willy, Ernst and Oscar, and later, Oscar’s sons Albert and Max, steadfastly preserved their family’s place in the equestrian circus’s firmament with exceptional brio.  
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The 3 Bragazzi (Alfredo, Umberto and Enrico Goretti) were a trio of Italian acrobats whose act met with great success, both in the circus ring and on the variety stage, from the 1940s up to the late 1960s. They began as young acrobats before performing a clown act with their father, Enrico, Sr., who had been part of a celebrated clown duo in Europe, the Albano Brothers. Then, as The 3 Bragazzi, the junior Gorettis created a comedy tumbling act, which over the years morphed into a pure visual-comedy act, keeping in with the family tradition.
  
Gotthold Wilhelm Daniel Schumann was born on November 25, 1824 in Weimar, in the state of Thuringia, then part of the German Confederation. His father was a saddle maker, and Gotthold became indeed familiarized with horses at an early age. Although he was not interested in following in his father’s footsteps, horses were his passion, and he often helped groom and taking care of the neighbourhood horses. Gotthold had a brother who shared the same passion, Gustav.
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Umberto (1909-1999), Alfredo (1912-2008) and Enrico (1916-2007) were the sons of Enrico Paolo Goretti and his wife, Ida, née Knorr. Enrico, Sr. had performed with his brother, Alfredo, Sr., an acrobatic act under the stage name of Wellington Brothers, before becoming quite famous as the Albano Brothers (or Hermanos Albano), a clown duo that was extremely popular in Spain, Portugal and France in the first quarter of the twentieth century. Among other venues, the Albano Brothers starred from 1908 to 1914 at Paris’s posh Nouveau Cirque, where they had successfully supplanted its legendary stars, Foottit and Chocolat.
  
Upon their father’s death in 1839, fifteen-year-old Gotthold and his brother Gustav joined the famous French company of Benoît and François Tourniaire, which was very popular in the German states since their father, Jacques Tourniaire (1772-1829), had established his company there at the beginning of the nineteenth century&mdash;before introducing the circus to Russia in 1825. Gotthold and Gustav became accomplished equestrians, as both bareback and high-school riders, and Gotthold also developed a very good juggling act on horseback. In 1841, they were hired by Eduard Wollschläger (1811-1875), whose company included such future circus luminaries as Wilhelm Carré, Wilhelm Salamonsky and Heinrich Herzog.... ([[The Schumann Dynasty|more...]])
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The senior Gorettis’ parents were Giuseppe Albano Angelo Goretti, an acrobat, and his wife, Josephine Napoleone, née Bragazzi (whose forenames belie a family admiration for the French emperor Napoléon and his clan). The senior Enrico and Alfredo will use their father’s second name, Albano, as their stage name; as for Enrico’s sons, they will eventually use their grandmother’s name, Bragazzi. None of them seem to have ever kept their real name, Goretti, as a stage name... ([[The 3 Bragazzi|more...]])
  
 
==New Essays and Biographies==
 
==New Essays and Biographies==
  
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* [[Sarah Chapman]], Aerialist
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* [[The 3 Bragazzi]], Comedy Acrobats
 
* [[Jefferson Freire]], Juggler
 
* [[Jefferson Freire]], Juggler
 
* [[The Schumann Dynasty]], History
 
* [[The Schumann Dynasty]], History
 
* [[Nouveau Cirque (Paris)]], History
 
* [[Nouveau Cirque (Paris)]], History
* [[Oskar Hoppe]], Circus Director
 
* [[Franz Althoff]], Circus Owner
 
  
 
==New Videos==
 
==New Videos==
  
* [[Kambovi_Video_(1997)|Kambovi Trio]], Russian Barre (1997)
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* [[Efremkina_Video_(2007)|Mariya Efremkina]], Aerial Hoop (2007)
* [[Amedeo_Folco_Video_(2007)|Amedeo Folco]], Elephant Act (2007)
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* [[Michon_Video_(1973)|Jean Michon]], Riding Tiger (1973)
* [[Mafi_Family_Video_(1984)|The Mafi Family]], Hand balancing (1984)
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* [[Deryabkin_Danilka_Video_(2007)|Vladimir Deryabkin]], Clown (2007)
* [[Bragazzis_Video_(1944)|The Bragazzis]], Comedy Acrobatics (1944)
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* [[Gardiol_Video_(2013)|Chloe Gardiol]], Aerial Hoop (2013)
* [[Dos_Santos_Video_(1966)|Manolo Dos Santos]], Tight Wire (1966)
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* [[Shanikova_Comedy_Video_(2007)|Yana Shanikova]], Comedy Horse (2007)
  
 
==New Oral Histories==
 
==New Oral Histories==

Latest revision as of 00:20, 19 April 2021

Welcome! ✫ Bienvenue! ✫ Willkommen! ✫ Добро Пожаловать!
Bienvenida! ✫ Benvenuto! ✫ 歡迎 ! ✫ Vítejte! ✫ Καλώς ήρθατε!
Üdvözöljük! ✫ Добре Дошли! ✫ Welkom! ✫ Ласкаво Просимо!
Velkommen! ✫ Tervetuloa! ✫ Дабро Запрашаем! ✫ Välkommen!

Circopedia was originally created with the support of the Big Apple Circus Ltd. and inspired and funded by the Shelley & Donald Rubin Foundation.

In The Spotlight

Bragazzis - 3 sailors.jpg

THE THREE BRAGAZZI

The 3 Bragazzi (Alfredo, Umberto and Enrico Goretti) were a trio of Italian acrobats whose act met with great success, both in the circus ring and on the variety stage, from the 1940s up to the late 1960s. They began as young acrobats before performing a clown act with their father, Enrico, Sr., who had been part of a celebrated clown duo in Europe, the Albano Brothers. Then, as The 3 Bragazzi, the junior Gorettis created a comedy tumbling act, which over the years morphed into a pure visual-comedy act, keeping in with the family tradition.

Umberto (1909-1999), Alfredo (1912-2008) and Enrico (1916-2007) were the sons of Enrico Paolo Goretti and his wife, Ida, née Knorr. Enrico, Sr. had performed with his brother, Alfredo, Sr., an acrobatic act under the stage name of Wellington Brothers, before becoming quite famous as the Albano Brothers (or Hermanos Albano), a clown duo that was extremely popular in Spain, Portugal and France in the first quarter of the twentieth century. Among other venues, the Albano Brothers starred from 1908 to 1914 at Paris’s posh Nouveau Cirque, where they had successfully supplanted its legendary stars, Foottit and Chocolat.

The senior Gorettis’ parents were Giuseppe Albano Angelo Goretti, an acrobat, and his wife, Josephine Napoleone, née Bragazzi (whose forenames belie a family admiration for the French emperor Napoléon and his clan). The senior Enrico and Alfredo will use their father’s second name, Albano, as their stage name; as for Enrico’s sons, they will eventually use their grandmother’s name, Bragazzi. None of them seem to have ever kept their real name, Goretti, as a stage name... (more...)

New Essays and Biographies

New Videos

New Oral Histories

Circopedia Books

A Message from the Editor

CIRCOPEDIA is a constantly evolving and expanding archive of the international circus. New videos, biographies, essays, and documents are added to the site on a weekly—and sometimes daily—basis. Keep visiting us: even if today you don't find what you're looking for, it may well be here tomorrow! And if you are a serious circus scholar and spot a factual or historical inaccuracy, do not hesitate to contact us: we will definitely consider your remarks and suggestions.

Dominique Jando
Founder and Curator